CompactionSmart Day

CompactionSmart presentations are now available to view in pdf and video on YouTube.  Link to the page is CompactionSmart presentations.



FarmSmart announces its 2017 Friday program. Welcome to CompactionSmart: We All Have It, Let’s Manage It.

We will be returning to the Manulife Sportsplex at RIM Park in Waterloo at 2001 University Ave. E. on Friday, January 20, 2017.


To register please go to our online registration for FarmSmart events at, but if you must call to register, please call 1-877-424-1300. The AICC will assist you.


9:00 am – The Physics of Soil Compaction – John Fulton, The Ohio State University

  • Introduction to factors that impact compaction, including soil biology soil health, and how all the factors interact in the occurrence, severity and ultimately mitigation of compaction
  • Explore the science of compaction within crop production systems
  • Learn how to reduce the risk and enhance the recovery if you have it
  • what “data layers” help to identify where and how severe compaction is, and  help farmers make the right decisions for avoidance and mitigation

10:00 am – Machinery Selection and Operation – Scott Shearer, The Ohio State University

  • Compaction is driving automation as equipment size and technology directly impacts soils, so what can we expect in the future?
  • Machine/soil interface:
    • How to make the best choices (ie tire types, pressure, tracks, implement type, etc)
    • Traction mechanics, equipment ballasting, contact pressure, gross equipment weight, and axle loads all have to be considered
    • options to spread the load out on ag soils
  • Tillage is often the first choice to address compaction but in itself is problematic as point loads can cause or increase compaction

10:45 am – Tracks and Tires: Ohio Case Study’s – Andrew Klopfenstein, The Ohio State University

  • Field research overview; differences between tires and tracks; scenarios from field investigations with grain carts; tracks vs various tire configurations
  • Deep compaction vs surface compaction, is there a difference in impact and mitigation
  • Data on the relationships between yield and penetrometer readings, impacts of multiple passes, cost vs. benefit
  • Optimal inflation pressures for the field vs the road, how not to make compromises that have no up side

11:30 am –  Addressing Compaction of The Future – Q&AThe Ohio State Team and Audience

  • Bringing it all together, how do we make the right decisions so that we don’t suffer the expensive consequences of the wrong decisions:
    • Interplay between implements
    • Soil health status on compaction occurrence, severity and mitigation
    • Climatic and field conditions (soil temp & moisture)
    • No-till or right reasons for tillage (how much tillage is needed)
    • Tire pressures for roads vs field situations, can you afford to compromise
    • Compromises vs optimization
  • We talk about optimizing the crop production system, so from a machinery and compaction point of view what do we need to be aware of in our decision making?

12:00 pm – Hot Lunch provided

1:00 pm – Controlled Traffic as a Management Strategy to Avoid or Manage the impact of compaction – Steve Larocque, Agronomist and Farmer, Beyond Agronomy, Three Hills, AB

Steve, a Nuffield Scholar, will discuss controlled traffic farming combined with no-till to build soil health, manage stresses and apply precision ag technologies to improve yield and profitability.

1:45 pm – Managing Compaction in a Livestock/Rowcrop based Operation – Ian Matheson, R.M. Matheson Farms, Embro, ON

Steps taken on our hog farm to manage and minimize the effects of traffic caused by having to deal with manure.  Always looking for improvements while still maintaining the practicality and economic requirements!

2:15 pm – Pennsylvania On-Farm Practical Case Study in Compaction Management through Building Soil Health and Planting Big Green – Lucas Criswell, Criswell Acres, Lewisburg, PA

The Soil Health timeline showing how we got to where we are today. Striving to be innovative in finding solutions to issues on our farm!

3:00 pm – Ontario On-Farm Practical Case Studies in Compaction Management through Building Soil Heath – Roger and Jerry Drudge, Drudge Elevators and Farms, Wroxeter, ON

With 20 years of no-till experience, Jerry & Roger Drudge share their insights on cover crops, planting green, 7 crop rotation, avoiding compaction and increasing soil health. Increasing soil carrying capacities through intensified cropping systems, utilizing diverse rotations and multiple cover crops is a work in progress.  The Drudge brothers share the boom and bust reality.

3:30 pm – Panel Discussion – Q&A With the Audience and Our Speakers

With all you have heard over the day, you must have questions and here is your chance to get answers. If you have questions, others probably have them too, so get them on the table!


John Fulton

Jdr-_john_fultonohn is an Associate Professor in the Food, Agriculture and Biological Engineering Department at the Ohio State University. He leads the Precision Agriculture Program in CFAES and specializes in developing and evaluating technology or automated components related to application equipment to more accurately place and meet site-specific crop and soil needs. Through technology, John helps growers improve farm efficiency and increase crop yields in order to meet future world food demand while ensuring sustainability of the land they manage.

Scott Shearer

2016_Steve_ShearerDr. Scott A. Shearer received formal training in agricultural engineering from The Ohio State University and was awarded B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in 81, 83 and 86. Currently, he serves as Professor and Chair of the Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering at The Ohio State University. Prior to OSU he was on a faculty member and then Chair of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering at the University of Kentucky. During his 28-years in academia his research efforts have focused on spectral and spatial image processing for the extraction of features for classifying agricultural settings; and controls and methodologies for metering and distribution of inputs (e.g., seed, fertilizer and chemicals) in grain crop production systems. His current research activities include autonomous multi-vehicle field production systems and unmanned aerial systems for remote sensing. He has lead or cooperated in research supported by more than $8M in grants; authored or coauthored more than 170+ refereed journal articles, conference proceedings, and technical publications; and has made numerous invited presentations at extension meetings, workshops, farmer forums, and outreach events.

Andrew Klopfenstein

2017_andrew_klopfensteinAndrew Klopfenstein, Project Coordinator, is a 2 time graduate of The Ohio State University with both his Master’s (May 2016) and Bachelor’s (May 2013) Degrees in Agricultural Engineering.  Andrew has been at Ohio State for 9 years.  He is originally from a family farm in Northwest Ohio in Paulding County that grows corn and soybeans and custom harvests forage crops for several dairies.  He currently completes research in the areas of compaction, multi-hybrid corn, multi-variety soybeans, late season application of nitrogen, unmanned aerial systems, and big data.  Andrew continues to manage all field operations, labor, proposals, and projects for the current department chair Dr. Scott Shearer in these research areas.

Steve Larocque

2017_steve_larcoqueSteve Larocque from Three Hills Alberta operates a diversified crop farm and a farm consulting business. They have converted their farm equipment to a controlled traffic system. Steve has also completed a Nuffield Scholarship in 2007 on the topic of controlled traffic. Steve will share his achievements and obstacles with the group to show the practical way in which adopting this system leads to better crops and soils. There are many people out there who should consider doing a Nuffield Scholarship. If you have a passion for exploring and improving agriculture and a keen interest in exploring an agricultural topic globally, you should check out is a problem that has “been under the surface” for far too long.

Lucas Criswell, No-till Farmer, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania


Veteran No tiller  that grew up on a moldboard plow . Chasing my dad round after round. Getting a dirt tan to prove it. My dad adopted notill in the mid 80s on corn and then soybeans in the early 90s. Never satisfied with status quo .  Cover crops came in the mid 90s off and on but became mandatory because of what I saw on own operation.




Roger and Jerry Drudge

2017_roger_drudge 2017_jerry_drudge

With 20 years of no-till experience, Jerry & Roger Drudge share their insights on cover crops, planting green, 7 crop rotation, avoiding compaction and increased soil health.



Ian Matheson

Twitter – @rmmathesonfarms2017_ian_matheson

Ian farms with his brother, Scott and their parents, near Embro, Ontario.  Graduated from University of Guelph in 2004 with a diploma in agriculture.  They operate a diversified farm including 800 sows farrow to finish, cash cropping 1200 owned and rented acres, an on farm seed dealership for 2 prominent seed companies, Custom farming including planting, spraying and combining, as well as a gravel business.  They are always looking for any way to improve what they’re doing while trying to balance efficiency and economics.

In an effort to raise enthusiasm for this important event, we are encouraging you to send us pictures of soil compaction, things that causes compaction, or examples of practices that overcome or prevent compaction. We will put these on the FarmSmart website and display them during the day on FarmSmart Friday January 20th, 2017. Send pictures to and qualify for a draw for one of two free CompactionSmart registrations.

As well we encourage you to email/tweet questions on the subject of compaction that you would like our event speakers to address on Friday January 20th. This way they understand the types of things you are dealing with and can offer solutions for current, real problems that you are struggling to deal with. Send your questions to and qualify for a draw for one of two additional CompactionSmart free registrations.

Map of location